Alcoholism is a chronic disease that is progressive and many times fatal. About 13% of the population has a problem with alcohol. Alcohol affects almost every cell in the body. After being exposed to it for a long time the brain becomes dependent on it. It causes the person with alcoholism to depend on alcohol in order to deal with certain things in everyday life like people and work. After a while, they lose control over when to stop drinking and how much they consume.
Liver disorders are serious problems that can develop. Once the alcohol enters the liver it changes to a toxic substance called acetaldehyde, which causes serious damage. Malnutrition contributes to liver disease because of empty calories from alcohol, which reduces the appetite.
The causes of alcohol misuse can be traced to many factors including family history, psychological factors such as anxiety or depression, the addictive pharmacology of alcohol, and the environment in which people live. Some research works show that genes could influence people’s drinking habits and their susceptibility to alcohol addiction.